FAQ Użytkownicy Grupy Galerie Rejestracja Zaloguj
Profil Zaloguj się, by sprawdzić wiadomości Szukaj

Retro Jordans Introduction approximately Sheng

Napisz nowy temat   Odpowiedz do tematu    Forum Strona Główna -> Stepy
Autor Wiadomość

Dołączył: 26 Kwi 2011
Posty: 3
Przeczytał: 0 tematów

Ostrzeżeń: 0/3
Skąd: England

PostWysłany: Wto 10:08, 03 Maj 2011    Temat postu: Retro Jordans Introduction approximately Sheng

>Sheng appeared in the Eastern suburbs of Nairobi, probably in Kaloleni or Kibera (Mazrui, 1995:174), around forty years ago (Abdulaziz & Osinde, 1997:47). It has been described for slang or code-switching (Mazrui, 1995), as a pidgin (Githiora, 2002 and Shitemi, 2002, yet look Abdulaziz & Osinde, 1997, who discard this view) and as a teens language (e.g. Abdulaziz & Osinde, 1997), and it has been narrated to the mystery language used along Cartier jewellery pickpockets in the 1930s (Mazrui, 1995). Over period, Sheng has scatter apt maximum other urban places of Kenya. It is oral and understood by human younger than forty of entire social classes, including campus lecturers and students. Although public opinion regarding Sheng namely frequently negate, rappers enjoy excellent success in always social classes while fulfilling in Sheng (cf. Githiora, 2002). Several FM radio stations broadcast in Sheng, and the code is production its path into literature, as case in point in the magazine Kwani, in which youth up-and-coming writers promulgate their work.Linguistically, the grammatical structure of Sheng is based ashore Kiswahili, and its lexical items originate in Kiswahili, several indigenous Kenyan languages (e.g. Dholuo or Kikuyu) and English. The emulating sample gives a first indication, of what Sheng looks like. The example translates as 'Please instructor, do not blow me I am late for of the bus.' It contains three lexical items which originate in English but have been altered: tichee, which derived from 'teacher', but, revised from 'bus', and let in ilinileitisha from 'late'1. As Kang'ethe Iraki (2004:57) explains, these corrections outcome from the truth that Sheng adapts lent items to the Kiswahili syllabic framework. As a consequence, bike, taken from English, becomes baiki, and chokra, taken from Hindi, changes to chokora. But frequently, 'borrowings tin also be modified both by reducing the number of or inverting the syllables. For example, Basketball, Nairobi, zamani (early), and Safari give ascend to singe, Nai, zamo and sqfo.' The words zamo and safo also point towards a beyond characteristic of Sheng: as Abdulaziz & Osinde (1997:57) point out, '[s]ome of the most accepted sounds are o, sh, ny, e, and T, which give Sheng its uniqueness. 'The sound o Retro Jordans, maybe from Dholuo affect, is quite mutual; it normally simplifies complicated pronunciation and gives words a Sheng quality.' Inversion is extra subtle. Mother was matha in the 60s; then in the 90s, different transformation occurred and matha mutated to masa, and finally to sama.Table 1 presents a digit of Sheng words which signify the particular flavour attained by strategies such as clipping words, inverting syllables, and joining sounds/letters to individual lexemes. At the levels of morphology and grammar, Sheng likewise makes a digit of alterations to the system of its underlying language Kiswahili. Kang'ethe-Iraki (2004) points out that verbs Cartier are frequently no marked for the past tense and that respective pronouns are constantly left out.From the outset, state and local administration officials expressed concern over what they panicked was not enough funding to cover their accountability and administrative duties. Although subsequent guidelines relieved some of these fears, it is essential to remember that the provision of ample treatment oversight and managerial advocate is required for the success of these projects. Given the wide series of procedures and projects being funded under ARRA, the mission of devising and prescribing suitable outcome amounts for every type of project would be daunting, even if acknowledged adequate time to do so.

Post został pochwalony 0 razy
Powrót do góry
Zobacz profil autora
Wyświetl posty z ostatnich:   
Napisz nowy temat   Odpowiedz do tematu    Forum Strona Główna -> Stepy Wszystkie czasy w strefie EET (Europa)
Strona 1 z 1

Skocz do:  
Nie możesz pisać nowych tematów
Nie możesz odpowiadać w tematach
Nie możesz zmieniać swoich postów
Nie możesz usuwać swoich postów
Nie możesz głosować w ankietach

fora.pl - załóż własne forum dyskusyjne za darmo

Elveron phpBB theme/template by Ulf Frisk and Michael Schaeffer
Copyright Š Ulf Frisk, Michael Schaeffer 2004

Powered by phpBB © 2001, 2002 phpBB Group